The principal investment strategies are subject to several risks, any of which could cause an investor to lose money.
The principal risks of investing are as follows:
Stock Market Risk, which is the chance that stock prices overall will decline. Stock markets tend to move in cycles, with periods of rising prices and periods of falling prices. When the stock market is subject to significant volatility, the risks associated with investing may increase. The value of the equity securities held are subject to market risk, including changes in economic conditions, growth rates, profits, interest rates and the market’s perception of these securities. While offering greater potential for long-term growth, equity securities are more volatile and more risky than some other forms of investment.
Foreign Securities and Emerging Markets Risk is the risk associated with investments in foreign countries and emerging markets. The following factors make foreign securities more volatile: political, economic, and social instability; foreign securities may be harder to sell, brokerage commissions and other fees may be higher for foreign securities; and foreign companies may not be subject to the same disclosure and reporting standards as U.S. companies.
Currency Risk is the risk that the value of foreign securities may be affected by changes in currency exchange rates. Additionally, positions may be held in foreign currencies, which are affected by changes in exchange rates to the investor’s home currency.
Interest Rate Risk is the chance that the value of debt securities overall will decline because of rising interest rates.
Income Risk is the chance that income will decline because of falling interest rates.
Credit Risk is the chance that a debt issuer will fail to pay interest and principal in a timely manner, or that negative perceptions of the issuer’s ability to make such payments will cause the price of that debt to decline.
Counterparty Risk is the risk that the other party to an agreement will default.
Derivatives Risk is the risk that the greater complexity involved with the use of derivatives may expose the client to greater risks and result in poorer overall performance. The purchase or sale of an option involves the payment or receipt of a premium payment and the corresponding right or obligation, as the case may be, to either purchase or sell the underlying investment for a specific price at a certain time or during a certain period. Purchasing options involves the risk that the underlying investment does not change in price in the manner expected, so that the option expires worthless and the investor loses its premium. Selling options, on the other hand, involves potentially greater risk because the investor is exposed to the extent of the actual price movement in the underlying investment in excess of the premium payment received.
Short Sale Risk is the risk that the Funds will incur a theoretically unlimited loss if the price of a security sold short increases between the time of the short sale and the time the Funds replace the borrowed security.
Smaller and Mid-Sized Companies Risk is the risk that the securities of such issuers may be comparatively more volatile in price than those of companies with larger capitalizations, and may lack the depth of management, diversity in products, and established markets for their products and/or services that may be associated with investments in larger issuers.
Commodity Futures Contracts. Trading in commodity interests may involve substantial risks. The low margin or premiums normally required in such trading may provide a large amount of leverage, and a relatively small change in the price of a security or contract can produce a disproportionately larger profit or loss. There is no assurance that a liquid secondary market will exist for commodity futures contracts or options purchased or sold, and investors may be required to maintain a position until exercise or expiration, which could result in losses. Futures positions may be illiquid because, for example, most U.S. commodity exchanges limit fluctuations in certain futures contract prices during a single day by regulations referred to as “daily price fluctuation limits” or “daily limits.” Once the price of a contract for a particular future has increased or decreased by an amount equal to the daily limit, positions in the future can neither be taken nor liquidated unless traders are willing to effect trades at or within the limit. Futures contract prices on various commodities or financial instruments occasionally have moved to the daily limit for several consecutive days with little or no trading. Similar occurrences could prevent the ability from promptly liquidating unfavorable positions and subject the investment to substantial losses. In addition, Taos may not be able to execute futures contract trades at favorable prices if trading volume in such contracts is low. It is also possible that an exchange or the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC”) may suspend trading in a particular contract, order immediate liquidation and settlement of a particular contract or order that trading in a particular contract be conducted for liquidation only.
The margin deposit required to enter into a futures position is typically 2-15% of the total value of the futures contract. As a result, if a contract is margined, a relatively small price movement in a commodity futures contract may result in a loss to the investor equal to or substantially greater than the amount of the deposit. Combined with the volatility of futures prices, the leveraged nature of futures trading can cause futures traders to sustain large and sudden losses of their capital.
Exchange Traded Funds (“ETF”) and Closed-End Funds. ETFs are a recently developed type of investment security, representing an interest in a passively managed portfolio of securities selected to replicate a securities index, such as the S&P 500 Index or the Dow Jones Industrial Average, or to represent exposure to a particular industry or sector. Unlike open-end mutual funds, the shares of ETFs and closed-end investment companies are not purchased and redeemed by investors directly with the fund, but instead are purchased and sold through broker-dealers in transactions on a stock exchange. Because ETF and closed-end fund shares are traded on an exchange, they may trade at a discount from or a premium to the net asset value per share of the underlying portfolio of securities.
Taos works diligently to minimize risk while maximizing gain. However, Investors must be prepared to bear the loss of their some or their entire investment.
For more information please see our Disclosures Page.